4 Diseases That Can Cause Death – There are many kinds of diseases in this world, and there are also many medicines available to cure them. But it is not uncommon for some diseases to have a very bad impact on us.
Having a healthy and long life is certainly everyone’s hope. But in reality, humans are always faced with the possibility of getting sick. Ranging from mild diseases to chronic diseases that are dangerous and deadly. Indeed, what are the deadliest diseases in Indonesia that need to be watched out for? Here’s the explanation.
List of deadliest diseases
Based on the results of the 2014 Indonesian Sample Registration System (SRS) survey, stroke is the number one deadliest disease in Indonesia. As many as 21.1 percent of stroke cases ended in death in the past year.
Stroke is a disorder of nerve function and bleeding that occurs in the blood vessels of the brain suddenly, quickly, and continues to get worse. This causes symptoms in the form of facial paralysis and limbs, speech is not fluent and unclear, visual disturbances, and so on.
2. Coronary heart disease
After stroke, the second most deadly disease is occupied by coronary heart disease. Coronary heart disease is one of the non-communicable diseases that occurs due to unhealthy lifestyle and environment. For example, the habit of eating foods high in saturated fat, drinking alcohol, smoking, obesity, and so on.
Judging from the Data and Information Center of the Indonesian Ministry of Health in 2013, the number of cases of coronary heart disease in Indonesia continued to increase by 7 to 12.1 percent of the total population of Indonesia. Coronary heart disease is mostly found in adults and the elderly, namely 45-54 years (2.1 percent), 55 to 64 years (2.8 percent), and 65-74 years (3.6 percent).
Also Read :List of Rare Diseases
3. Diabetes mellitus
Diabetes mellitus is included in the top three deadliest diseases in Indonesia. Based on WHO data in 2013, diabetes mellitus accounted for 6.5 percent of deaths in the Indonesian population.
Not only adults, children and adolescents can be affected by diabetes. This is because the Data and Information Center of the Ministry of Health in 2013 revealed that the population aged 15 years and over reached 1.5 to 2.1 percent. In fact, it is estimated that this number will continue to increase every year.
Tuberculosis or TB is an infectious infectious disease caused by TB germs (Mycobacterium tuberculosis) that enter through breathing. The main symptoms of tuberculosis are cough for two weeks or more, cough with sputum mixed with blood, shortness of breath, decreased appetite, and fever for more than one month.
Tuberculosis is one of the deadliest diseases in Indonesia at the fourth position. The reason is, according to data from the WHO in 2014, the number of deaths due to TB continues to increase, and it is estimated that there are more than 100,000 cases every year.